- Water and development (SCWA)
Population growth, increased demand for and rising cost of energy, increased urbanization, watershed and environmental degradation, natural disasters, conflict, climate change, and weak water governance are putting water resources under increasing pressure. Projections are that by 2025, two thirds of the world’s population could be living in severe water stress conditions.
This stress adversely affects individuals, communities, economies, and ecosystems around the world, especially in developing countries. It also underscores why it is so critical to properly manage the scarce freshwater resources upon which human life depends.
Inadequate access to safe drinking water and sanitation
Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 7C calls to halve by 2015 the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. While the safe drinking water target was met in 2010, 783 million people still do not have access to safe drinking water, and major issues related to equity of access, water quality, and sustainability of water supplies remain. In addition, the world is not on track to meet the sanitation target as approximately 2.5 billion people still lack access to improved sanitation. The challenges and solutions vary significantly by region; for example, sub-Saharan Africa has the highest proportion of people without sufficient sanitation facilities, while South Asia has the largest number of people practicing open defecation.
Often the burden of inadequate access to water and sanitation falls heavily on women and girls. Examples of this are evident throughout the developing world. Two concerns of particular importance are reducing the many hours women and girls spend seeking water for their families which often put their safety at risk and addressing the different sanitation needs of women and adolescent girls which have direct impacts on maternal mortality and morbidity.
Lack of access to safe water and sanitation services has direct health implications as nearly two million people – the vast majority of whom are children under five – die from diarrhoea each year. Nearly 88 percent of diarrhoea is attributed to unsafe drinking water, inadequate sanitation, and poor hygiene, and is preventable by known interventions.
As TLF, we work to the construction of 25 boreholes in Masaka Kalungu area in the search for fresh and clean water. This is aimed to kick off January 2020 under the Sustainable Clean Water for ALL (SCWA). The project will also involve valley damming for better agriculture production and water storage purification.